vitiligo / leucoderma treatment as per principles of ayurveda
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Leucoderma or Vitiligo - the skin whitening disease is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layers resulting white patches on the surface of skin. Vitiligo is also a specific kind of leucoderma which has been used interchangeably with leukoderma. Leukoderma the distressing skin disease doesn't make any organic harm as it is caused neither by germs nor due to bad blood.
Leukoderma usually starts with a small spot that later spreads into patches. Over time, due to the loss of pigment from the skin, the patches become whiter and each patch merge one another creating a broad patch. In some cases it spreads all over the body. Methods of establishing a complete cure of vitiligo or leukoderma have been insufficient in the modern science.
This is non-infectious disorder of skin; where white lesion (Patches) are formed. Vitiligo is caused by stoppage of melanin (colour pigment) formation by melanin producing cells, melanocytes; as a result depigmented macules are formed. These macules may vary in size and shape and can be located in any part of the body even on mucus membrane of lip and genitals. The common areas affected are face, hand, feet, axilla, groins and trunk. The areas which are subjected to friction and trauma are usually involved; and any damage to skin leaves to white depigmented scar.Vitiligo in Ayurvedic literatures is described as 'SHVITRA' or "Shveta Kusth", while classifying Kusth in its eighteen main types. The lesions of vitiligo are painless and remain sensory unlike Leprosy. Expect the cosmetic defects vitiligo is an absolutely harmless disease.
There is a common myth about the vitilago that it can not be cured but contrary to this; remarkable repigmentation can be achieved in every patient and its spread can be arrested; provided that patient follows dietary restrictions and take appropriate treatment for prescribed period. A proper assessment of known causative factor of vitilago; such as plastic slippers, shoes, gloves, bindi, and other rubber or plastic materials ;pressure or trauma is mandatory and if there is any such factors, patients should discard them.
Even though the exact causative factor of Leucoderma is not known, the following could be one of the factors:
Excessive stress or worry
Chronic gastric problems or improper liver functions
Excessive consumption of opposite food items (e.g. milk and fish together)
Worms/parasites in the digestive system
Burns and injuries
White patches (de-pigmentation) on skin, hands, feet, face, lips, etc. Initially small white spots appear, and gradually develop into white patches.
Premature graying of scalp hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, and beard
According to Ayurveda, Leucoderma is caused due to the aggravation of Pitta Dosha. Pitta is an Ayurvedic humor which symbolizes heat or fire, and is manifested in the skin. Aggravated Pitta leads to accumulation of ama (toxins) in deep layers of the skin, leading to the condition of Leucoderma.
Pitta is of five types; one of them is Bhrajak Pitta that gives coloration to skin. In the case of Leucoderma, Bhrajak Pitta is in an imbalanced state, and therefore, the skin starts losing its color and white patches appear. Along with Pitta Dosha, deeper body tissues like Rasa Dhatu (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscles), Lasika (lymph) are also involved in the disease.
Treatment consists of pacifying imbalanced body energies, cleansing the blood and administrating herbs that restore skin color. Poor digestion is the root cause of this disease, as it causes the build-up of toxins in the tissues. An essential part of treatment, therefore, is restoring digestion. The patient will also be advised on the correct diet and lifestyle adjustments to prevent recurrence of the disorder.
Diet & Lifestyle Advice
Increase consumption of vegetables that are bitter in taste, like drumsticks and bitter gourd.
Stay away from difficult to digest foods, sour taste, excessive salt, curd, fish, jaggery and sesame seeds
Avoid consumption of opposite foods, such as fish and milk together
Have sound and adequate sleep daily
Do not over-expose yourself to excessive cold or heat conditions
Some Home Remedies
A paste made of Bakuchi (Psoralea Corylifolia) and vinegar should be applied over the white patches and exposed to early sunrays for 15 minutes.
Ginger juice (10ml) twice a day ensures proper blood supply to these white patches.
Turmeric powder well mixed in mustard oil is also a good external application as a home remedy for Leucoderma.